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The Effects of Temperature in Beekeeping

The ambient temperature and being aware of what happens within the hive at certain temperatures are important features of beekeeping. It is also useful to be aware of certain temperature sensitive characteristics of honey and wax.

Enter your temperature into the appropriate box and click outside the boxes to convert between centigrade and fahrenheit and vice versa.

C:

F:

Honey
No crystal growth after two years even after seeding at -1C
Crystallisation greatly reduced below 10C
Fermentation yeasts unable to grow below 11C
Best Storage Temperature at or below 11C
Low range range optimum temperature for honey fermentation 13C to 21C
Best temperature for honey to granulate 14C
Best temperature for low moisture honey to granulate 15C
Most honeys will not granulate above 16C
High range optimum temperature for honey fermentation, above 27C
Processing temperature 35C to 48C (Possibly up to 62C for 1 hour)
The Dr.Dyce method suggests heating honey to 49C, filtering and cooling rapidly and then heating to 66C, filtering and cooling rapidly for soft set processing and long shelf life
Highest temperature necessary to control honey fermentation yeasts, 71C
To control fermentation heat honey for 4 or 5 minutes to 71C
Damage to honey flavour and chemistry at 75C

Bees
Brood nest temperature (with brood present) 35C
Mating flights occur above 20C, with low wind speeds.
A Cluster starts forming at 18C and is fully formed as the temperature drops to 14C
Suggested ambient temperature for colony examination, 18C minimum
The bees try to keep the Cluster temperature at 20C, with a minimum of 13C which keeps the outer shell at 9C
Bees in the outer shell will start to drop off the cluster and die if their body temperature drops below 7C to 8C

Wax
Melting point of wax is 62C to 65C

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